Greg Wainhouse, Bürkert’s UK Field Segment Manager for the water industry, explains how to monitor valve actuation rates.
Accuracy and repeatability in the dosing of liquid and gas can be an essential requirement in industries ranging from pharmaceutical production to water treatment. A lack of precision and consistency can impact product quality, which could mean over or under-filled bottles of medication, or imperfect results in bakery products. A deterioration of control can also have negative consequences on an entire process, such as balancing pH levels for drinking water.
Repeatable process control
The control of process valves plays a vital role in ensuring accuracy and repeatability across such applications. The valves are driven by pneumatic pressure, and if the pressure level changes, or if the valve is damaged or impeded, actuation time can change. Excess pressure or valve wear can mean faster actuation that will reduce dosing, while a pressure drop or mechanical defect can cause slower actuation, increasing the dose accordingly. Sticky media or a build-up of bacteria can also impede valve action and corrosion of less durable third-party valves caused by using saline or aggressive liquids can also impact actuation speed.
Typically, failure to quickly identify a change in valve actuation time only becomes identifiable further down the chain, causing more serious consequences. This could result in scrappage or reduced product quality, through to forcing a halt to the process or even a product recall. Deteriorating valve action could also lead to complete process failure, causing unplanned downtime and a significant maintenance issue resulting in a loss of service or productivity.
As a solution to these challenges, Bürkert’s engineers have developed the Switch Time Monitoring Function. This capability identifies deviations in valve opening and closing times to help ensure that valve performance and dosing accuracy remains at the desired level.
This new feature is an integrated function within Bürkert’s Type 8652 AirLine valve island for process automation applications. If valve actuation time deviates beyond a pre-set level, the system displays a notification. Maintenance teams can then investigate the deviation and rectify the situation before it impacts product quality or develops further and causes valve failure or a system breakdown.
The Switch Time Monitoring Function measures the time taken for the process valve to complete its full actuation, starting from the time the pilot valve delivers the pneumatic air. At commissioning, valve actuation speeds are set at their desired level and the valve island’s time switching function monitors and logs the average actuation time over a user-controlled number of actuations.
When the pilot valve is opened, a timer receives feedback from the process valve. This time value is then stored in the program memory and a deviation rate, which can be adjusted accordingly to greater or lesser sensitivity, is also set. If valve actuation time changes, faster or slower, beyond the set maximum permissible percentage, a notification is signalled.
The status of the valve, including actuation time, is communicated and deviation alerts are displayed on the valve island’s liquid crystal display. As the system also integrates Ethernet-based communications, it can send a notification to any of the connected PLCs. Third-party feedback devices can be integrated, and the valve island and Switch Time Monitoring Function can also operate with third-party process valves.
The functionality is also scalable across all sizes of operation. The Type 8652 valve island integrates from 4 up to 48 valves and can provide time switching monitoring across 24 valves. For larger operations, multiple Type 8652 valve islands can be connected together to serve almost any size of process plant. The valve island and Switch Time Monitoring Function can be integrated directly into OEM machines or added by process end users.
It is possible for valve actuation monitoring to be programmed into a PLC, but this requires specific PLC programming expertise, whereas Switch Time Monitoring Function can be easily set through Bürkert’s user-friendly and free of charge Communicator software tool. This removes the need for a PLC specialist, saving time and money in commissioning.
Setting up the Switch Time Monitoring Function can be quickly achieved with the wizard tool for auto-configuration, with manual settings options also available. For a quick guide to commissioning the functionality, Bürkert has created a concise video to quickly get users up and running. The video can be found here.
To control dosing and ensure product quality as well as removing the risk of unplanned downtime, valve actuation rates must be monitored. PLC programming can provide the result, but Burkert’s built-in functionality is not only faster and easier to commission and manage, it can also provide more dynamic and versatile monitoring and reporting.
AirLINE - the valve island optimised for process automation
- Safety-related shut-off of valves possible
- Easy diagnostics via LC display
- Process reliability through pneumatic functions
- Optimised for installation at the bottom of the control cabinet
- Explosion-proof variants according to ATEX / IECEx Zone 2